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Niemann–Pick C disease (NPC) is a neuro-visceral lysosomal storage disorder mainly caused by genetic defects in the NPC1 gene. As a result of loss of NPC1 function large quantities of free cholesterol and other lipids accumulate within late endosomes and lysosomes. In NPC livers and brains, the buildup of lipids correlates with oxidative damage; however the molecular mechanisms that trigger it remain unknown. Here we study potential alterations in vitamin E (α-tocopherol, α-TOH), the most potent endogenous antioxidant, in liver tissue and neurons from NPC1 mice. We found increased levels of α-TOH in NPC cells. We observed accumulation and entrapment of α-TOH in NPC neurons, mainly in the late endocytic pathway. Accordingly, α-TOH levels were increased in cerebellum of NPC1 mice.

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